10:1 All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased in His appointed and accepted time effectually to call (Rom 8:30; 11:7; Eph 1:10, 11), by His Word and Spirit (2 Cor 3:3, 6; 2 Thes 2:13, 14), out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature, to grace and salvation by Jesus Christ (Rom 8:2; Eph 2:1-5; 2 Tim 1:9, 10); enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God (Acts 26:18; 1 Cor 2:10, 12; Eph 1:17, 18); taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them a heart of flesh (Ezek 36:26); renewing their wills, and by His almighty power determining them to that which is good (Deut 30:6; Ezek 11:19; 36:27; Phil 2:13), and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ (John 6:44, 45; Eph 1:19): yet so, as they come most freely, being made willing by His grace (Psa 110:3; Song 1:4; John 6:37; Rom 6:16-18).

10:2 This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man (Rom 9:11; Eph 2:4, 5, 8, 9; 2 Tim 1:9; Titus 3:4, 5), who is altogether passive therein, until being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit (Rom 8:7; 1 Cor 2:14; Eph 2:5), he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it (Ezek 36:27; John 5:25; 6:37).

10:3 Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ through the Spirit (Luke 18:15, 16, and Acts 2:38, 39, and John 3:3, 5, and 1 John 5:12, and Rom 8:9 compared), who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth (John 3:8): so also, are all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word (Acts 4:12; 1 John 5:12).

10:4 Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word (Matt 22:14), and may have some common operations of the Spirit (Matt 7:22; 13:20, 21; Heb 6:4, 5), yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved (John 6:64-66; 8:24): much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the law of that religion they do profess (John 4:22; 14:6; 17:3; Acts 4:12; Eph 2:12); and to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested(1 Cor 16:22; Gal 1:6-8; 2 John 9-11).