9:1 God hath endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor by any absolute necessity of nature determined to good or evil (Deut 30:19; Matt 17:12; James 1:14).

9:2 Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom and power to will and to do that which was good, and well pleasing to God (Gen 1:26; Eccl 7:29); but yet mutably, so that he might fall from it (Gen 2:16, 17; 3:6).

9:3 Man, by his fall into a state of sin, hath wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation (John 15:5; Rom 5:6; 8:7): so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good (Rom 3:10, 12), and dead in sin (Eph 2:1, 5; Col 2:13), is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto (John 6:44, 65; 1 Cor 2:14; Eph 2:2-5; Titus 3:3-5).

9:4 When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He freeth him from his natural bondage under sin (John 8:34, 36; Col 1:13); and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good (Rom 6:18, 22; Phil 2:13); yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he doth not perfectly, nor only, will that which is good, but doth also will that which is evil (Rom 7:15, 18, 19, 21, 23; Gal 5:17).

9:5 The will of man is made perfectly and immutably free to do good alone, in the state of glory only (Eph 4:13; Heb 12:23; 1 John 3:2; Jude 24).